Nearly 2,800 newspaper companies received PPP loans, most under $150K

Written by on October 29, 2020

Because the coronavirus pandemic continues to wreak havoc on an already struggling newspaper industry and talks about further economic stimulus continue to stall, almost 2,800 newspaper corporations obtained Paycheck Safety Program (PPP) loans from the U.S. authorities as of this previous August, in line with a brand new Pew Analysis Middle evaluation of Small Business Administration (SBA) data.

It is a sliver of the roughly 5.2 million PPP loans which were lent out to small companies – however represents a big section of newspaper corporations. In accordance with the newest information from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Statistics of U.S. Businesses, there have been 4,166 U.S. corporations within the newspaper publishing business in 2016, and these corporations collectively employed almost 180,000 folks.

This evaluation relies on publicly launched data published by the Small Enterprise Administration (SBA) and consists of all accredited Paycheck Safety Program (PPP) loans issued to corporations within the newspaper publishing business as of Aug. 8, 2020. Corporations within the newspaper publishing business have been eligible to use for PPP loans if that they had been affected by the coronavirus outbreak and employed fewer than 1,000 folks. Particularly, the businesses included on this evaluation are any companies that self-identified as being a part of the newspaper business and are accountable for producing and distributing newspapers, together with gathering information; writing information columns, function tales and editorials; and promoting and making ready ads. They could publish newspapers in both print or digital kind.

This information represents lower than 1% of the greater than 5.2 million loans accredited underneath the Paycheck Safety Program. Information for canceled or unapproved loans just isn’t included on this evaluation. To guard the privateness of debtors, particular mortgage quantities weren’t made out there by the SBA; reasonably, loans have been reported as ranges within the information, and that is mirrored on this evaluation. The variety of staff by PPP mortgage referenced on this evaluation refers back to the variety of staff reported by the borrower and should not essentially replicate the variety of employees saved employed with PPP funds. About 12% of newspaper corporations that obtained loans didn’t record any staff.

Working with exterior and enormous datasets requires, on the outset, essential and infrequently complicated structural and methodological choices, in addition to a serious time funding in information group and information cleansing. Researchers took a number of steps to evaluate and clear the information, particularly in circumstances the place some discrepancies or errors have been noticed. The target was to acquire a clear dataset that’s as full as doable in regards to the PPP loans given to newspaper companies. Extra details about the Paycheck Safety Program in addition to the information used on this evaluation can be found here.

The methodology for this evaluation can be found here.

The Paycheck Safety Program was established again in March 2020 as a part of the CARES Act, a federal coronavirus help package deal, to assist small companies pay staff and different bills. These loans have been designed to be forgiven if sure worker retention standards have been met and if the funds have been used for eligible bills.

Any firm that self-identified as a newspaper writer, was affected by the coronavirus outbreak and employed fewer than 1,000 staff was eligible to use. The cap of 1,000 staff implies that many local newspapers owned by larger companies resembling Gannett or McClatchy weren’t eligible to use. The qualifying guidelines additionally imply that some corporations which might be a part of the newspaper publishing business however aren’t historically regarded as newspapers, resembling The Chronicle of Increased Schooling, are included within the information.

The overwhelming majority of those PPP loans have been comparatively small in dimension. About eight-in-ten (84%) have been for lower than $150,000, 9% ranged from $150,000 to $350,000, 4% have been between $350,000 and $1 million, and about 3% have been $1 million or extra. This was about on par with PPP loans throughout all industries, of which 87% have been lower than $150,000, in line with the SBA. Within the information launched by the SBA, loans have been damaged out into six totally different ranges and these ranges are used all through this report.

The most important PPP loans – these for $5 million or extra – primarily went to larger regional newspaper corporations, resembling Seattle Occasions Co., Newsday LLC and Occasions Publishing Co. (writer of the Tampa Bay Occasions).

Majority of PPP loans to newspaper companies were less than $150K; companies receiving larger loans reported more jobs on average than those with smaller loans

Out of the two,778 self-identified newspaper corporations that obtained PPP loans, 2,435 supplied employment figures. In whole, that amounted to an estimated 40,236 staff, with a mean of 14 staff per mortgage. Corporations that obtained loans that have been lower than $150,000 reported six jobs per mortgage on common, these with loans within the $150,000-$350,000 vary reported 26 jobs on common and corporations with loans starting from $350,000 to $1 million reported 53 on common. Corporations with loans issued for greater than $1 million tended to have extra jobs per mortgage on common, however these bigger loans made up solely a small share of the overall quantity issued. Since 12% of newspaper corporations that obtained PPP loans didn’t report their variety of staff, it’s doubtless that the variety of newspaper staff inside corporations that obtained loans is larger.

Trying on the geographic distribution of PPP loans, extra loans went to newspaper corporations in states with bigger populations, with newspaper corporations in medium or smaller states receiving fewer loans. Certainly, about one-in-five (21%) of all PPP loans went to newspaper corporations working in three states: Texas (8%), California (7%) and New York (6%). Delaware, Rhode Island and Hawaii have been the three states with the fewest PPP loans to newspaper publishers, with lower than 1% of the loans going to these states. A number of elements would possibly clarify why newspaper corporations in bigger states obtained extra loans, starting from the truth that larger states in general received overall more PPP loans, to earlier analysis that has proven that more newspapers exist in more populous states and newsroom employment overall tends to be concentrated in certain geographical areas.

Observe: Right here is the methodology for this report.

Mason Walker  is a analysis analyst specializing in journalism and media.
Katerina Eva Matsa  is an affiliate director of journalism analysis at Pew Analysis Middle.

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